Sample California History-Social Science Standards for the 8th Grade

Following are some of the 8th grade standards that could be used to explain teaching your theme "War is hell."

8.1 and 8.1.3 - Students understand the major events preceding the founding of the nation and relate their significance to the development of American constitutional democracy.

3. Analyze how the American Revolution affected other nations, especially France.

8.5. - Students analyze U.S. foreign policy in the early Republic.

      1. Understand the political and economic causes and consequences of the War of 1812 and know the major battles, leaders, and events that led to a final peace.
      2. Know the changing boundaries of the United States and describe the relationships the country had with its neighbors (current Mexico and Canada) and Europe, including the influence of the Monroe Doctrine, and how those relationships influenced westward expansion and the Mexican-American War.
      3. Outline the major treaties with American Indian nations during the administrations of the first four presidents and the varying outcomes of those treaties.

8.8.6 - Students analyze the divergent paths of the American people in the West from 1800 to the mid-1800s and the challenges they faced.

6. Describe the Texas War for Independence and the Mexican-American War, including territorial settlements, the aftermath of the wars, and the effects the wars had on the lives of Americans, including Mexican Americans today.

8.10.5, .6. and .7 - Students analyze the multiple causes, key events, and complex consequences of the Civil War.

5. Study the views and lives of leaders (e.g., Ulysses S. Grant, Jefferson Davis, Robert E. Lee) and soldiers on both sides of the war, including those of black soldiers and regiments.

6. Describe critical developments and events in the war, including the major battles, geographical advantages and obstacles, technological advances, and General Lee's surrender at Appomattox.

7. Explain how the war affected combatants, civilians, the physical environment, and future warfare.

8.12.2 - Students analyze the transformation of the American economy and the changing social and political conditions in the United States in response to the Indus-trial Revolution.

2. Identify the reasons for the development of federal Indian policy and the wars with American Indians and their relationship to agricultural development and industrialization.