Gayle's summarization of "The History Wars" discussion:

  1. The debate about historical content and historical teaching has largely occurred via three avenues: among historians about how certain events, persons, and issues should be interpreted; between historians and the public at large about how history should be perceived and taught; and within the public schools about whether history should be a distinct academic discipline or subsumed under social studies.
  2. From the mid-1920s to the mid-1980s, very little academic history was taught in K-12 schools. While academic history was left to the universities, K-12 schools focused on social studies.
  3. In the 1980s, several important trends began in regard to teaching history:
  4. Only by understanding the evolution of the History Wars, can we as educators learn to bridge the perceptual gap between what and how we teach history and the way the American public wants us to teach.
  5. The most current debates within the educational community about history focus primarily on the following: